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Here you can find full details of the references used to create our information, Weaning your premature baby. They are listed in the order in which the information appears. If you ever have any questions about the information provided by Bliss, email us at

  • King C. 2009. An evidence based guide to weaning preterm infants. Paed & Child Health. 19.9.
  • Marriott LD, Foote KD. 2003. Advances in the nutrition of preterm infants. J R Soc Promot Health. 2003 Sep;123(3):159-64. Review.
  • Marriott LD, Foote KD, Bishop JA, Kimber AC, Morgan JB. 2003. Weaning preterm infants: a randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2003 Jul;88(4):F302-7. Erratum in: Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2003 Nov;88(6).
  • Meltzoff AN. 1999. Born to Learn: What Infants Learn from Watching Us. From N. Fox & J.G. Worhol (Eds.), The Role of Early Experience in Infant Development. Skillman, NJ: Pediatric Institute Publications.
  • Fanaro S, Borsari G, Vigi V. 2007. Complementary feeding practices in preterm infants: an observational study in a cohort of Italian infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 Dec;45 Suppl 3:S210-4. Erratum in: J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Jan;48(1):121-2.
  • Palmer DJ, Makrides M. 2012. Introducing solid foods to preterm infants in developed countries. Ann Nutr Metab. 2012;60 Suppl 2:31-8. doi: 10.1159/000335336.
  • Fewtrell MS, Lucas A, Morgan JB. 2003. Factors associated with weaning in full term and preterm infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2003 Jul;88(4):F296-301. Review.
  • Norris FJ, Larkin MS, Williams CM, Hampton SM, Morgan JB. 2002. Factors affecting the introduction of complementary foods in the preterm infant. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 May;56(5):448-54.
  • Chung J, Lee J, Spinazzola R, Rosen L, Milanaik R. 2014. Parental perception of premature infant growth and feeding behaviors: use of gestation-adjusted age and assessing for developmental readiness during solid food introduction. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2014 Nov;53(13):1271-7. doi: 10.1177/0009922814540039.
  • Morgan J, Williams P, Norris F, Williams CM, Larkin M et al. 2004. Eczema and early solid feeding in preterm infants. Arch Dis Child. 2004 Apr;89(4):309-14.
  • NHS Choices, 2016. Atopic eczema. [online] Available at [Accessed 6th February 2017]
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  • Morgan JB, Lucas A, Fewtrell MS. 2004. Does weaning influence growth and health up to 18 months? Arch Dis Child. 2004 Aug;89(8):728-33.
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  • The Vegan Society. 2017. Vegan diet for kids, teens and in pregnancy. [online] Available at [Accessed 6th March 2017]
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  • Sanchez K, Spittle AJ, Slattery JM, Morgan AT. 2016. Oromotor Feeding in Children Born Before 30 Weeks' Gestation and Term-Born Peers at 12 Months' Corrected Age. J Pediatr. 2016 Nov;178:113-118.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.07.044.
  • Hawdon JM, Beauregard N, Slattery J, Kennedy G. 2000. Identification of neonates at risk of developing feeding problems in infancy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2000 Apr;42(4):235-9.
  • L, Soussignan R, Reissland N, Leconte M, Marret S, Schaal B et al. 2016. Emotional expressiveness of 5-6 month-old infants born very premature versus full-term at initial exposure to weaning foods. Appetite. 2016 Dec 1;107:494-500. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.08.124.
  • Arden MA and Abbott RL. 2014. Experiences of baby-led weaning: trust, control and renegotiation. John Wiley & Sons Ltd Maternal and Child Nutrition (2015), 11, pp. 829–844. Available at
  • Cameron, S.L., Heath, A-L.M. and Taylor, R.W. (2012a) How feasible is baby-led weaning as an approach to infant feeding? A Review of the Evidence. Nutrients, 4: 1575-1609.
  • Brown, A. and Lee, M. (2013). An exploration of experiences of mothers following a baby-led weaning style: Developmental readiness for complementary foods. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 9(2): 233-243.
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  • Morison, B.J., Taylor, R.W., Haszard, J.J., Schramm, C.J., Williams Erickson et al. (2016). How different are baby-led weaning and conventional complementary feeding? A cross-sectional study of infants aged 6–8 months, BMJ Open, 2016;6: e010665. Available online: DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010665.
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  • George Du Toit, M.B., B.Ch., Graham Roberts, D.M., Peter H. Sayre, M.D., Ph.D., Henry T. Bahnson, M.P.H., Suzana Radulovic, M.D., et al. 2015. Randomized Trial of Peanut Consumption in Infants at Risk for Peanut Allergy. The New England Journal of Medicine. [online] Available at
  • Hampton SM. 1999. Prematurity, immune function and infant feeding practices. Proc Nutr Soc. 1999 Feb;58(1):75-8. Review.
  • Milton J, King C. 2012. Cup introduction, drink type and vitamin supplementation in preterm babies at 11-25 months. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2012 Apr;25(2):148-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-277X.2012.01227.x.
  • NHS Choices, 2015. Drinks and cups for babies and toddlers. [online] Available at [Accessed 28th April 2017]
  • World Health Organisation (WHO). Breastfeeding guidelines. [online] Available at [Accessed 28th April 2017]
  • UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative. Support for parents. [online] Available at [Accessed 28th April 2017]
  • NHS Choices, 2016. Botulism. [online] Available at [Accessed 3rd May 2017]

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